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ERIC Number: EJ868314
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISSN: ISSN-0894-1912
Self-Directed Learning Needs, Patterns, and Outcomes among General Surgeons
Gagliardi, Anna R.; Wright, Frances C.; Victor, J. Charles; Brouwers, Melissa C.; Silver, Ivan L.
Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, v29 n4 p269-275 Aut 2009
Introduction: To explore the relationship between self-directed learning (SDL) needs, patterns, barriers, and outcomes among nonacademic general surgeons. Methods: Participants dictated details of SDL episodes associated with cancer patient management from October 2007 to March 2008. Transcripts were coded thematically. Frequencies were calculated for elements of each SDL stage. Statistical significance among subgroups was established with the use of the Pearson chi-square test, adjusted for clustering by surgeon. Participants were interviewed by telephone, and transcripts were analyzed by qualitative methods. Results: Of 21 consenting surgeons, 15 submitted 115 cases, and 108 were analyzed. Most involved breast (40.7%), colon (18.5%), or rectal cancer (13.0%); 2 or more clinical tasks (41.7%); and 2 or more questions (89.8%). Information was sought from the Internet (48.1%), colleagues (24.2%), or both (6.8%). Information was partially, or not relevant for 21.3% of cases. Evidence was new for 66.7%, and confirmed knowledge for 10.7% of cases. Learning helped surgeons formulate new (34.2%), or confirm original (16.5%) management plans, or determine that referral was appropriate (39.2%). Use of codified sources was associated with information retrieval (P less than 0.05), and identifying new evidence leading to a change in management from that initially proposed (P less than or equal to 0.001). Discussion: Numerous individual and systemic barriers may prevent practicing physicians from undertaking SDL, but provision of structured guidance prompted SDL and resulted in several beneficial outcomes. Further research is needed to validate these findings, and investigate who should support SDL, and how. (Contains 1 table and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A