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ERIC Number: EJ868238
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-1529-1944
Physical Activity Levels in Normal Weight and Overweight Portuguese Children: An Intervention Study during an Elementary School Recess
Lopes, Luis; Lopes, Vitor; Pereira, Beatriz
International Electronic Journal of Health Education, v12 p175-184 2009
This study aimed to analyze the effects of an intervention strategy during the school recess on physical activity (PA) levels, by gender, age and body mass index (BMI). The sample comprises 158 Portuguese children aged 6 to 12 years. Weight and height were objectively measured. PA was assessed by accelerometry during the recess in pre-intervention and post intervention periods. Introduction of extra outdoor play equipment was used as an intervention strategy. Significant interaction effects were found for the following areas: percentage of time spent in PA (F[subscript (1,150)]=70.157;p less than 0.001), intervention x age group (F[subscript (1,150)]= 24.416;p less than 0.001) and gender x age group (F[subscript (1,150)]=6.919;p=0.009); the time spent in Moderate PA for intervention x gender (F[subscript (1,150)]=15.290;p less than 0.001) and BMI x gender (F[subscript (1,150)=6.411;p=0.012); the time spent in Vigorous and Very Vigorous PA (F[subscript (1,150)]=54.790;p=0.001), intervention x age group (F[subscript (1,150)]=9.490; p=0.002), intervention x gender (F[subscript (1,150)]=14.161;p less than 0.001) and BMI x gender (F(1,150)=5.049;p=0.026). It appears that successful recess interventions to improve PA for children in elementary scholars are possible by providing relatively inexpensive play equipment. (Contains 3 tables.)
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-213-7193; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Portugal