ERIC Number: EJ868001
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
Creative Intelligence, Creative Practice: Lowenfeld Redux
Burton, Judith M.
Studies in Art Education: A Journal of Issues and Research in Art Education, v50 n4 p323-337 2009
Volume 1, No. 2, of "Studies in Art Education," appearing in spring 1960, included an article by Viktor Lowenfeld titled "Creative Intelligence." Here, he highlighted his belief in the importance of creative intelligence to human functioning, linking it to creative practice as represented most purely in the artworks of children and untutored artists. The present article written with over 60 years of hindsight, offers a gentle critique of Lowenfeld's theory of creative intelligence as exemplified within his concepts of developmental stages, growth components, and final outcomes. Yet, by paring away some of his outmoded surfaces, there lurks within Lowenfeld's seminal offering to art education the enduring idea that creative practice offers ways of knowing and world-building that enliven knowledge through acts of personal generativity.
Descriptors: Creativity, Intelligence, Theories, Art, Developmental Stages, Art Education, Childrens Art, Creative Development, Children, Adolescents
National Art Education Association. 1916 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 703-860-8000; Fax: 703-860-2960; Web site: http://www.NAEA-Reston.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A