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ERIC Number: EJ867936
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 10
ISSN: ISSN-1089-5701
Whole Schooling and Reclaiming Youth
Peterson, Michael; Taylor, Patricia Diane
Reclaiming Children and Youth, v18 n3 p29-33 2009
The basic question of why schools exist can be addressed by two prevailing answers: to create workers and to develop citizens. The sorting and segregating and elimination of students who do not meet standardized expectations are a result of the belief that education should just produce workers. When creating workers is the focus of schools, the curriculum is narrow and emphasizes basic skills, rather than offering a broad and holistic curriculum that can address individual needs and interests of students. However, those who believe schools are to develop citizens have a much broader view of the purpose of schools. Schools developing citizens are working to foster what Whole Schooling refers to as personal excellence within each student. This personal excellence philosophy espoused by Whole Schooling is similar to the Reclaiming Youth philosophy of "demanding greatness." Developing personal excellence within students is at the heart of Whole Schooling. Whole Schooling has been designed totally with regular public school settings and students in mind and is imbued with the values and philosophies of the Circle of Courage. In this article, the authors list and describe eight principles of whole schooling which began to evolve in 1997 among individuals, schools, and countries that were seeking principles and practices to develop personal excellence within students at the elementary, middle, and high school levels. These eight principles can be easily charted on the Circle of Courage: (1) create learning spaces for all (Belonging); (2) empower citizens for democracy (Mastery); (3) include all in learning together (Belonging); (4) build a caring community (Generosity); (5) support learning (Independence); (6) partner with families and the community (Belonging); (7) teach all using authentic, differentiated multilevel instruction (Mastery); and (8) use authentic assessment to promote learning (Mastery).
Reclaiming Children and Youth. PO Box 57 104 N Main Street, Lennox, SD 57039. Tel: 605-647-2532; Fax: 605-647-5212; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A