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ERIC Number: EJ867821
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Pages: 11
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
Labor Migration by Russian Young People
Man'shin, R. V.; Timoshenko, O. V.; Pis'mennaia, E. E.
Russian Education and Society, v51 n10 p40-50 Oct 2009
Russia's young people have become active participants in processes of migration. After the fall of the USSR, young people began to travel outside Russia in substantially greater numbers. At the present time, young Russians can be found in all kinds of regions and countries of the world. They are getting an education in foreign universities and colleges, working in foreign companies and earning money at seasonal jobs abroad during their vacations, undergoing training in international organizations and firms, and actively traveling all over the world. This article discusses one of the main types of migration which is labor migration. Russia's young people are engaged in a number of different types of labor migration: (1) leaving the country to find a permanent place of residence and enter the labor market; (2) going abroad to find work for brief periods of time (for example, college students going abroad to work during summer vacations); (3) going abroad to attend school while working (a number of countries permit college students to work for a limited amount of time, or else the job is not officially registered); and (4) going abroad for special training while working as an employee. Russian young people's labor emigration is caused by a whole complex of social, economic, and personal factors. The main motive for emigrating is subjective: young people's hopes of increasing their chances of getting a job in both the foreign labor market and the Russian labor market after they finish their schooling. Another, equally important factor is the active efforts of countries and organizations that promote the idea in Russia of youth exchanges, jobs, and internships. At the present time, there are three possible ways for Russians to get jobs abroad: (1) an independent search for work outside the Russian Federation; (2) the organization of employment on the basis of international agreements with the assistance of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation; and (3) job placement abroad with the assistance of Russian intermediary organizations. (Contains 3 tables.) [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia