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ERIC Number: EJ867816
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 15
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 3
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
"Russia and Europe"--The Fundamental Problem of Courses in the History of Russia
Vul'fson, B. L.
Russian Education and Society, v51 n9 p70-84 Sep 2009
Russia is witnessing an unprecedented explosion of interest in its history. This is entirely understandable. In the Russians' desire to understand the profound changes going on in different areas of their lives they are attempting to look at the past with new eyes, because the past has merged with the present and to a large extent determines its future development. The subject matter of history has gone far beyond the framework of scientific research and educational courses. It has made its way into the mass media and is occupying a larger and larger place in the literature of fiction and popular science. Processes of the renovation of history education have taken on truly massive proportions. The former system by which single-minded thinking was imposed has been replaced by dozens of conceptions of various sorts, by all kinds of new hypotheses and a multiplicity of different positions, approaches, and assessments. As a result, a new, "varicolored" picture of the past is being created that differs in radical ways from the previous one. It is not confined to academic debates; instead, it is reflected in some way in the educational literature. In the history of Russia, as in any country, there are more questions that are debatable than questions that no one would object to. It is not hard to find controversial issues. The hard part is how to decide which should be the topic of classroom discussion. This requires that proposed alternatives fit into the context of well-substantiated scientific conceptions, in order that serious theories (however debatable) are not confronted with unsubstantiated or even absurd assertions. It is essential to ensure that discussion topics are designed to relate not only to the students' intellectual development and their exposure to the experience of accomplishing cognitive tasks but also that they unconditionally serve to shape the students' consciousness in the spirit of high civic ideals and humanistic values. In this article the author examines just one problem, "Russia and Europe" in the context of the tasks of providing young people with a civic-minded, patriotic, multicultural education. [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia