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ERIC Number: EJ867749
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7732
Structure and Stress: Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms across Adolescence and Young Adulthood
Adkins, Daniel E.; Wang, Victor; Dupre, Matthew E.; van den Oord, Edwin J. C. G.; Elder, Glen H., Jr.
Social Forces, v88 n1 p31-60 Sep 2009
Previous research into the social distribution of early life depression has yielded inconsistent results regarding the causes and course of subgroup depression disparities. This study examines the topic by analyzing National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data, modeling gender and racial/ethnic differences in early life depression trajectories and investigating the influences of stress and socioeconomic status. Results indicate females and minorities experience elevated depressive symptoms across early life compared to males and whites. SES and stressful life events explain much of the racial/ethnic disparities. Blacks, Hispanics and females show greater sensitivity to the effects of low SES, and in the case of females, SLEs. Overall, this study develops a nuanced, dynamic model of the multiplicative effects of social disadvantage on early life depression disparities. (Contains 4 figures, 4 tables and 7 notes.)
University of North Carolina Press. 116 South Boundary Street, P.O. Box 2288, Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288. Tel: 800-848-6224; Tel: 919-966-7449; Fax: 919-962-2704; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health