ERIC Number: EJ867707
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
To Name or Not to Name: The Effect of Changing Author Gender on Peer Review
Borsuk, Robyn M.; Aarssen, Lonnie W.; Budden, Amber E.; Koricheva, Julia; Leimu, Roosa; Tregenza, Tom; Lortie, Christopher J.
BioScience, v59 n11 p985-989 2009
The peer review model is one of the most important tools used in science to assess the relative merit of research. We manipulated a published article to reflect one of the following four author designations: female, male, initial, and no name provided. This article was then reviewed by referees of both genders at various stages of scientific training. Name changing did not influence acceptance rates or quality ratings. Undergraduate referees were less critical than graduate students or postdoctoral researchers, independent of gender. However, female postdoctoral researchers were the most critical referees: Their rejection rates were the highest and quality ratings the lowest, regardless of the author name provided. Contrary to previous reports in the literature, there was no evidence of same-gender preferences. This study strongly suggests that female postgraduate biologists may apply different expectations to peer review.
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Peer Evaluation, Researchers, Models, Gender Differences, Biology, Student Attitudes, Science Education, Influences, Journal Articles, Literature Reviews, Evaluation Methods
American Institute of Biological Sciences. 1444 I Street NW Suite 200, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-628-1500; Fax: 202-628-1509; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.aibs.org/bioscience
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A