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ERIC Number: EJ867537
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0959-4752
Effects of Knowledge and Display Design on Comprehension of Complex Graphics
Canham, Matt; Hegarty, Mary
Learning and Instruction, v20 n2 p155-166 Apr 2010
In two experiments, participants made inferences from weather maps, before and after they received instruction about relevant meteorological principles. Different versions of the maps showed either task-relevant information alone, or both task-relevant and task-irrelevant information. Participants improved on the inference task after instruction, indicating that they could apply newly acquired declarative knowledge to make inferences from graphics. In Experiment 1, participants spent more time viewing task-relevant information and less time viewing task-irrelevant information after instruction, and in Experiment 2, the presence of task-irrelevant information impaired performance. These results show that domain knowledge can affect information selection and encoding from complex graphics as well as processes of interpreting and making inferences from the encoded information. They also provide validation of one principle for the design of effective graphical displays, namely that graphics should not display more information than is required for the task at hand. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A