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ERIC Number: EJ867471
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0272-930X
Children's and Adults' Evaluation of Their Own Inductive Inferences, Deductive Inferences, and Guesses
Pillow, Bradford H.; Pearson, RaeAnne M.
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, v55 n2 p135-156 Apr 2009
Adults' and kindergarten through fourth-grade children's evaluations and explanations of inductive inferences, deductive inferences, and guesses were assessed. Beginning in kindergarten, participants rated deductions as more certain than weak inductions or guesses. Beginning in third grade, deductions were rated as more certain than strong inductions. Adults and fourth-grade children differentiated strong inductions, weak inductions, and informed guesses from pure guesses. Adults' and fourth-grade children's evaluations of inferences were influenced by the sample of evidence provided and by population base-rate information. By third grade, participants also gave different types of explanations for their deductions and inductions. These results are discussed in relation to children's concepts of cognitive processes, logical reasoning, and epistemological development. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
Wayne State University Press. The Leonard N. Simons Building, 4809 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201-1309. Tel: 800-978-7323; Fax: 313-577-6131; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Higher Education; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A