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ERIC Number: EJ867404
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 2
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1052-5505
Firing up White Clay: Immersion School Students Encouraged to Return, Give Back
Umbhau, Kurt
Tribal College Journal of American Indian Higher Education, v21 n2 p26-27 Win 2009
Fort Belknap College President Carole Falcon-Chandler does not fluently speak the "A'ani" (White Clay) language, but her granddaughter does. The girl, one of the 12 students in the White Clay Language Immersion School located on the college campus in Harlem, Montana, is part of the next generation of fluent A'ani speakers. The language immersion school keeps the same group of students, or cohort, until each student reaches high school. The students are from ages 9 to 12 in grades fifth through seventh. Soon, the 12 students will transfer to different high schools, but when it is time for college, Falcon-Chandler hopes the students enroll at Fort Belknap College. At White Clay Language Immersion School students are instructed in A'ani as well as learning cultural games, tribal values, and academic skills. The school uses the partial immersion method, in which instructional time is divided equally between English and A'ani. However, cultural teachers are embedded when subjects such as math and reading are taught in English. At the White Clay Immersion School, educators are also developing college-level language courses and a certificate program with the Montana Office of Public Instruction.
Tribal College Journal of American Indian Higher Education. P.O. Box 720, Mancos, CO 81328. Tel: 888-899-6693; Fax: 970-533-9145; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Montana
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A