ERIC Number: EJ867255
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Links between Adolescents' Expected Parental Reactions and Prosocial Behavioral Tendencies: The Mediating Role of Prosocial Values
Hardy, Sam A.; Carlo, Gustavo; Roesch, Scott C.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v39 n1 p84-95 Jan 2010
The purpose of the present study was to examine relations between adolescents' social cognitions regarding parenting practices and adolescents' prosocial behavioral tendencies. A mediation model was tested whereby the degree to which adolescents perceived their parents as responding appropriately to their prosocial and antisocial behaviors was hypothesized to predict adolescents' tendencies toward prosocial behavior indirectly by way of adolescents' prosocial values. Adolescents (N = 140; "M" age = 16.76 years, SD = 0.80; 64% girls; 91% European Americans) completed measures of prosocial values and of the appropriateness with which they expected their parents to react to their prosocial and antisocial behaviors. In addition, teachers and parents rated the adolescents' tendencies for prosocial behaviors. A structural equation model test showed that the degree to which adolescents expected their parents to respond appropriately to their prosocial behaviors was related positively to their prosocial values, which in turn was positively associated with their tendencies to engage in prosocial behaviors (as reported by parents and teachers). The findings provide evidence for the central role of adolescents' evaluations and expectancies of parental behaviors and of the role of values in predicting prosocial tendencies. Discussion focuses on the implications for moral socialization theories and on the practical implications of these findings in understanding adolescents' prosocial development.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Parents, Prosocial Behavior, Child Behavior, Parent Influence, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Attitude Measures, Antisocial Behavior, Hypothesis Testing, Predictor Variables, Social Values, Emotional Response, Teacher Attitudes, Parent Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Structural Equation Models
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A