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ERIC Number: EJ867245
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Pages: 33
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1954
Thinking Aloud Together: A Teacher's Semiotic Mediation of a Whole-Class Conversation about Percents
Shreyar, Sam; Zolkower, Betina; Perez, Silvia
Educational Studies in Mathematics, v73 n1 p21-53 Jan 2010
How does classroom interaction support students' apprenticeship into the ways of speaking, writing, and diagramming that constitute the practice of mathematics? We address this problem through an interpretative analysis of a whole-group conversation about alternative ways of solving a problem involving percent discounts that occurred in a sixth grade classroom. This research study draws upon Dewey's theory of inquiry, Vygotsky's cultural-historical psychology, Freudenthal's realistic mathematics education, and Halliday's systemic functional linguistics (SFL). From Freudenthal, we borrow the notions of mathematizing and guided reinvention--the former notion offers a view of mathematics as an activity of structuring subject matter and the latter one provides insights into the processes whereby mathematizing is learned and taught in the classroom. We glean from Dewey his view of reflective thinking as inquiry and the role that conversations may serve therein. We rely upon Vygotsky's notions of a verbal thinking plane and a social phase of learning in order to reconsider the function of whole-class interaction in apprenticing students into mathematizing. Finally, SFL provides us with tools for explaining the choices of grammar and vocabulary students and teachers make as they realize meanings in whole-group conversations. Treating the selected whole-class conversation as a text, we focus our analysis on how this text came to mean what it did. Our central questions are as follows: What meanings were realized in the whole-class conversation by teacher and students and how were these meanings realized? How did the teacher's lexico-grammatical choices guide the students' choices? In addressing these questions, we advance an interpretation of the conversation as paradigmatic of students and teacher thinking aloud together about percents.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A