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ERIC Number: EJ866982
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1543-4303
Australia: The Dictation Test Redux?
McNamara, Tim
Language Assessment Quarterly, v6 n1 p106-111 2009
In its late colonial history and early years as an independent nation, Australia practised a policy of ruthless exclusion of immigrants on the basis of race by means of a language test: the notorious Dictation Test. In the 50 years following World War II, Australia adopted policies encouraging immigration with bipartisan political support. However, following the election of John Howard as Prime Minister in 1996, immigration was again politicised in the context of the emergence of an anti-immigrant right wing populist movement, which threatened Howard's political base. This, plus the security anxieties following 9/11 and heightened intergroup tensions within Australia itself, led to a renewal of discourses of national belonging and exclusion. One result was the introduction of a new linguistically demanding citizenship test in 2007, again with bipartisan support. The role of language testers in the light of such policy developments is considered. (Contains 7 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia