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ERIC Number: EJ866825
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0143-4632
Linguistic Markets in Rwanda: Language Use in Advertisements and on Signs
Rosendal, Tove
Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, v30 n1 p19-39 Feb 2009
Rwanda has experienced major changes during the last decade due to the genocide in 1994. After the civil war, in addition to establishing political and economical stability, peace and reconciliation, the government was faced with the return of refugees from neighbouring, mostly English-speaking, countries. The new socio-demographic conditions resulted in a change in the official language policy from Rwanda-French bilingualism to Rwanda-French-English trilingualism. During the post-genocide period, therefore, English has been introduced into official domains and has contributed towards a new linguistic situation in Rwanda. This paper investigates how these recent changes are reflected in newspaper advertisements (10 issues of state-owned "Imvaho Nshya"), 914 shop signs and 221 billboards in Kigali and Butare. The basic assumption of the analysis is that the languages in Rwanda are currently in a competitive position on the linguistic market, affecting not only the use of the national and official language, Rwanda, but also the position of the non African official languages. This competition is an ongoing process, which will necessitate further studies from a macro-sociolinguistic perspective in order to establish the roles and usages of the three official languages of Rwanda. (Contains 9 tables and 18 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Rwanda