ERIC Number: EJ866616
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Bilingualism and Aging: Reversal of the Cognate Advantage in Older Bilingual Adults
Siyambalapitiya, Samantha; Chenery, Helen J.; Copland, David A.
Applied Psycholinguistics, v30 n3 p531-554 Jul 2009
This study aimed to investigate cognate/noncognate processing distinctions in young adult bilinguals and examined whether the previously reported cognate facilitation effect would also be demonstrated in older adult bilinguals. Two groups of Italian-English bilingual participants performed lexical decisions in repetition priming experiments. Results for the younger bilinguals corresponded to previous findings, and indicated the expected reaction time advantage for cognates over noncognates. The older bilinguals, however, only demonstrated a cognate advantage in the within-language condition, and in fact, showed faster reaction times for noncognates when repetition was across languages. These findings are interpreted in the context of the revised hierarchical model and the bilingual interactive activation model and in light of findings regarding the effect of aging on language processing.
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Young Adults, Older Adults, Language Processing, Bilingualism, Aging (Individuals), Italian, English, Task Analysis, Vocabulary, Decision Making
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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