ERIC Number: EJ866614
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Role of Working Memory in Children's Understanding Spoken Narrative: A Preliminary Investigation
Montgomery, James W.; Polunenko, Anzhela; Marinellie, Sally A.
Applied Psycholinguistics, v30 n3 p485-509 Jul 2009
The role of phonological short-term memory (PSTM), attentional resource capacity/allocation, and processing speed on children's spoken narrative comprehension was investigated. Sixty-seven children (6-11 years) completed a digit span task (PSTM), concurrent verbal processing and storage (CPS) task (resource capacity/allocation), auditory-visual reaction time (AV[subscript RT]) task (processing speed), and the Test of Narrative Language. Correlation and regression analyses examined the association between the memory variables and comprehension. The main findings were (a) CPS and AV[subscript RT] correlated with comprehension and (b) after accounting for age, CPS accounted for a significant 7.9% of unique variance and AV[subscript RT] accounted for another significant 5.2%. The results indicate that resource capacity/allocation and processing speed are important to children's ability to understand spoken narrative.
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Tests, Correlation, Speech Communication, Predictor Variables, Children, Applied Linguistics, Psycholinguistics, Language Processing, Verbal Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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