ERIC Number: EJ866223
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
The Socio-Emotional Effects of Non-Maternal Childcare on Children in the USA: A Critical Review of Recent Studies
Jacob, Jenet I.
Early Child Development and Care, v179 n5 p559-570 Jul 2009
This paper provides a review of studies published between 1998 and 2006 that have evaluated the relationship between non-maternal childcare and children's social-behavioral adjustment. Recent studies have focused on how the factors of non-maternal childcare quantity, quality, type and timing interact with factors of family background and child characteristics to affect various indicators of social-behavioral adjustment. Findings indicate that average weekly hours of non-maternal childcare is the strongest and most consistent childcare predictor of social-behavioral outcomes. Entry into childcare during the first year and extensive non-maternal childcare throughout early childhood predicts less social competence and cooperation, more problem behaviors, negative mood, aggression and conflict. When family background factors are also considered, maternal sensitivity is the most consistent predictor of social-behavioral adjustment. New theoretical frameworks and methodologies are needed to explore the mechanisms through which early, extensive non-maternal childcare negatively affects social outcomes.
Descriptors: Family Characteristics, Parent Child Relationship, Interpersonal Competence, Child Care, Social Development, Emotional Development, Social Adjustment, Behavior Problems, Psychological Patterns, Aggression, Conflict, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A