ERIC Number: EJ866209
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 65
Can Inhibition at Preschool Age Predict Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms and Social Difficulties in Third Grade?
Gewirtz, Shawn; Stanton-Chapman, Tina L.; Reeve, Ronald E.
Early Child Development and Care, v179 n3 p353-368 Apr 2009
The present study examined whether deficits in inhibitory control in preschool-aged children are predictive of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and certain social difficulties in middle childhood, specifically third grade. Although many studies have examined the concurrent relationships among disinhibition, ADHD and social competence, few have focused on the preschool-aged population and the longitudinal relationship between early inhibition and later ADHD symptoms and social skills. Using a non-referred sample of children, laboratory measures of inhibition administered at 54 months of age, and parent/primary caregiver and teacher ratings of ADHD behaviors and social skills at third grade, the study revealed a significant but modest relationship between early disinhibition and later ADHD symptoms and social difficulties. Regression analysis indicated that early difficulties with inhibitory control could explain little of the variance in later inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity and social competence. (Contains 4 tables.)
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Predictor Variables, Self Control, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Preschool Children, Inhibition, Grade 3, Interpersonal Competence, Parent Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes, Child Behavior, Correlation, Child Development, Behavior Problems, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Social Skills Rating System