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ERIC Number: EJ865567
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-0379-0037
The Wonder of Reading: The Effect of Generative Study Strategies on EFL Learners' Reading Comprehension and Recall of Short Stories
Ghazanfari, Mohammad; Sarani, Abdullah
Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics, v35 n2 p87-100 Jul-Dec 2009
EFL learners often tend to shift the major load of language learning task to the reading skill, due to insufficient access to the spoken mode of language. Experiences of practitioners as well as various research reports in the literature indicate that the more actively learners get engaged with the reading materials, the more profound their comprehension of the reading texts would be. Drawing on Wittrock's "generative learning theory" (cf. 1992), this paper has investigated the effect of summarization and question generation, as two generative strategies, on EFL learners' reading comprehension and recall of literary texts. Three homogeneous groups of undergraduates (both males and females) participated in this study (N=63). They were randomly assigned to attend a "short-stories" course in three different sections. The participants in section A were trained how to summarize the short stories in their own words, those in section B generated questions out of the texts, but those in section C (i.e., the control group) were not asked to apply either of the two strategies. The results of administering a reading comprehension achievement test and a recall test indicated that the two experimental groups outscored the control group on both tests. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A