ERIC Number: EJ865423
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 70
The Relationship between Second Language Acquisition Theory and Computer-Assisted Language Learning
Chapelle, Carol A.
Modern Language Journal, v93 ns1 p741-753 Dec 2009
The point of departure for this article is the contrast between the theoretical landscape within view of language teaching professionals in 1991 and that of today. I argue that the pragmatic goal of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) developers and researchers to create and evaluate learning opportunities pushes them to consider a variety of theoretical approaches to second language acquisition (SLA), which have developed, in part, in response to the need to theorize the role of instruction in SLA. To illustrate connections between SLA and CALL, I touch on multiple theoretical perspectives grouped into four general approaches: cognitive linguistic (Universal Grammar, autonomous induction theory, and the concept-oriented approach); psycholinguistic (processibility theory, input processing theory, interactionist theory); human learning (associative-cognitive CREED, skill acquisition theory); and language in social context (sociocultural, language socialization, conversation analysis, systemic-functional, complexity theory). I suggest that such theoretical approaches can be useful in the development and evaluation of CALL materials and tasks. Finally, I propose that the expanding use of technology changes the nature of communicative competence theory, challenges SLA theory, and increases the number of consumers for SLA research.
Descriptors: Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Educational Technology, Social Environment, Communicative Competence (Languages), Computer Assisted Instruction, Teaching Methods, Language Universals, Psycholinguistics, Linguistic Theory, Linguistic Input, Skill Development, Language Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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