ERIC Number: EJ864810
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
Conundrum of Autism: A Review of Its Causes and Significant Impact on the Education of a School Age Child
Nwokeafor, Cosmas U.
Forum on Public Policy Online, v2009 n1 2009
Autism is a brain development disorder that is characterized by impaired social interaction, communication, restricted and repetitive behavior which starts before a child is three years old. As a result of the outcome of set of signs such as restricted and repetitive behaviors, autism distinguishes itself from milder Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The latter is a pervasive developmental disorder. For instance, an autistic child finds it very difficult to focus and concentrate in the classroom. According to MayoClinics research outcome, autism is one of a group of serious developmental problems encountered by children of a given age. It adversely impacts their mode of focus, communications and interactions with other children of their age and adults. According to genetic literature as documented by scholars of genetics, autism has a strong genetic basis which is considered complex. In view of series of genetic research outcomes, it is unclear whether ASD is clearly explained by multigene interactions or mainly by rare mutations. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) as well as Autism Research Institute (ARI) have invested time and resources over the years in an attempt to conduct clinical research on what might be the remote causes of autism. The findings of their research work published in various medical and disease control journals have gone a long way to stress the lack of causes and significant impact of the ailment to children of school age. In an attempt to address the impact of autism as a dilemma in the learning process of a school age child, this paper argued that autism as a brain development disorder could significantly affect both the developmental process and learning ability of a school age child.
Descriptors: Etiology, Autism, Interpersonal Relationship, Genetics, Interaction, Brain, Special Needs Students, Interpersonal Competence, Communication Skills, Behavior Problems, Attention, Child Development, Developmental Disabilities, Genetic Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A