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ERIC Number: EJ863508
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
ISSN: ISSN-8756-5943
Smoking Behavior, Attitudes of Second-Hand Smoke, and No-Smoking Policies on a University Campus
Polacek, Georgia N. L. Johnston; Atkins, Janet L.
Health Educator, v40 n1 p37-45 Spr 2008
Smoking, when condoned as socially acceptable, overtly establishes such behavior as normal and risk-free. Scientific evidence verifies that cigarette smoking pervasively damages the body, causes early death, costs billions of dollars annually in medical care for smokers, and poses serious health risks to nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke. Yet public policy makers are slow or reticent to create policies that reduce or eliminate smoking in public places. Such policies, in conjunction with financial barriers (taxes) and behavior change programs may be necessary to reduce the burden of smoking on the public and health care system. A convenience sample of 2,817 (40% male, 60% female) students, faculty, and staff at a commuter campus in the southwest United States volunteered to complete a 30 item anonymous survey on smoking attitudes and behaviors. Respondent attitudes of no-smoking policies and exposure to secondhand smoke with self-reported smoking behavior were examined. Analyses determined that nonsmokers had the most favorable attitudes towards non-smoking. Self-reported smoking behaviors significantly influenced attitudes. Those who self-identified as regular smokers had the least favorable attitudes. Support for a smoke-free campus was found, even among those who reported some smoking behavior. University policies can enhance non-smoking behaviors and improve smoking cessation rates. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A