ERIC Number: EJ863409
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 60
Acculturation and Enculturation Trajectories among Mexican-American Adolescent Offenders
Knight, George P.; Vargas-Chanes, Delfino; Losoya, Sandra H.; Cota-Robles, Sonia; Chassin, Laurie; Lee, Joanna M.
Journal of Research on Adolescence, v19 n4 p625-653 Dec 2009
This study examines changes over time in ethnic affirmation/belonging and ethnic identity achievement, Spanish language use, English language use, Mexican/Mexican-American affiliation/identification and Anglo affiliation/identification in a sample of Mexican-American adolescents participating in a longitudinal study of juvenile offenders. The Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure and the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans-II were completed by the Mexican-American adolescents 7 times over a 3-year period. The findings from longitudinal growth modeling analyses and growth mixture modeling analyses indicate that there is heterogeneity in the initial scores and changes over time on these variables that are related to markers for the cultural qualities of the home environment (i.e., generational status and mother's most frequent language use). In contrast to expectations, "marginalized" or "assimilated" acculturation trajectories/types were not overrepresented in this sample of adolescent offenders. Implications for our understanding of the nature of acculturation and enculturation processes and the way these processes are studied are discussed.
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Mexican Americans, Acculturation, Identification, Rating Scales, Adolescents, Family Environment, Spanish, Language Usage, English (Second Language), Longitudinal Studies, Measures (Individuals), Juvenile Justice, Crime
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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