ERIC Number: EJ863084
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Increases in Global and Domain Specific Self-Esteem Following a 10 Day Developmental Voyage
Grocott, Andrew C.; Hunter, John A.
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v12 n4 p443-459 Dec 2009
Although positive effects are often reported, research assessing the impact of Adventure Education and Outward Bound programmes on self-esteem is fraught with methodological weaknesses pertaining to an emphasis on scales assessing global self-esteem, a lack of follow-up measures to assess the potential long-term benefits of such programmes and inadequate pre-intervention measures. In a far less researched area of structured outdoor programmes, research using the sea and sailing ships as a medium, have suffered from the same weaknesses as many of their land-based counterparts. The current study sought to improve and extend on previous research in this broad area. In doing this global and multiple dimensions of self-esteem were assessed 3 weeks prior to a 10 day Spirit of New Zealand developmental voyage, on the first day of the voyage, the last day of the voyage, and finally, 3 months following the voyage. Two hypotheses were subsequently tested. The first stated that participants would experience increases in global and domain specific self-esteem following the voyage. The second stated that increases in global and specific domains of self-esteem would have a long-term effect (i.e. they will be in evidence 3 months following the last day of the voyage). Support was found for both hypotheses.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adventure Education, Self Esteem, Program Evaluation, Outdoor Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand