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ERIC Number: EJ862931
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-5002
Barycentric Extension of Generalized Matching
Jensen, Greg; Neuringer, Allen
Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, v92 n2 p139-159 Sep 2009
In most studies of choice under concurrent schedules of reinforcement, two physically identical operanda are provided. In the "real world," however, more than two choice alternatives are often available and biases are common. This paper describes a method for studying choices among an indefinite number of alternatives when large biases are present. Twenty rats were rewarded for choosing among five operanda with reinforcers scheduled probabilistically and concurrently. Large biases were generated by differences among the operanda: two were levers and three were pigeon keys. The results showed that when reinforcer frequencies were systematically varied, an extension of Baum's (1974) Generalized Matching Model, referred to as the Barycentric Matching Model, provided an excellent description of the data, including individual bias values for each of the operanda and a single exponent indicating sensitivity to reinforcer ratios. (Contains 3 tables, 10 figures, and 3 footnotes.)
Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Available from: Indiana University Department of Psychology. Bloomington, IN 47405-1301. Tel: 812-334-0395; FAX: 812-855-4691; e-mail: jeab@indiana.edu; Web site: http://seab.envmed.rochester.edu/jeab/index.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A