ERIC Number: EJ862450
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
A Rural Perspective on Perinatal Depression: Prevalence, Correlates, and Implications for Help-Seeking among Low-Income Women
Price, Sarah Kye; Proctor, Enola K.
Journal of Rural Health, v25 n2 p158-166 Spr 2009
Context/Purpose: To examine a low-income sample of women in the rural Midwest (N = 1,086) who were screened for perinatal depression through the outreach and education activities within a Healthy Start Initiative project. Specifically, we describe the frequency and severity of depressive symptoms, explore social and demographic correlates of depression, and examine help-seeking through patterns of self-referral to a Healthy Start perinatal depression project in a rural, medically underserved community. Methods: Depression screening data using the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) as well as intake records from the project were analyzed in a retrospective analysis to identify important demographic and psychosocial characteristics associated with elevated levels of depressive symptoms and help-seeking patterns. Findings: Thirty-six percent of screened women met criteria for major, minor, or subthreshold depression, with 13% meeting diagnostic criteria for major depression alone. Less than 8% were currently receiving any type of mental health services or treatment at screening. The most significant correlate of self-referral to the Healthy Start project was meeting symptom criteria for major depression, although minor depression, subthreshold depression, and status as low-income/"Temporary Aid to Needy Families" (TANF)-eligible were all significantly associated with self-referral. Conclusions: The findings from this study highlight the potential significance of identifying and addressing the unmet mental health needs of low-income rural women during and around pregnancy. In addition, the study illustrates that low income, in addition to depressive symptoms, impacts mental health service delivery in this rural community with a fragmented mental health service infrastructure.
Descriptors: Health Services, Health Needs, Low Income Groups, Females, Mental Disorders, Mental Health Programs, Pregnancy, Criteria, Referral, Depression (Psychology), Rural Areas, At Risk Persons, Help Seeking, Incidence, Severity (of Disability), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Correlation, Screening Tests, Psychological Patterns
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A