ERIC Number: EJ862447
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Changes in Racial Identity and Self-Esteem on Changes in African American Adolescents' Mental Health
Mandara, Jelani; Gaylord-Harden, Noni K.; Richards, Maryse H.; Ragsdale, Brian L.
Child Development, v80 n6 p1660-1675 Nov-Dec 2009
This study assessed the unique effects of racial identity and self-esteem on 259 African American adolescents' depressive and anxiety symptoms as they transitioned from the 7th to 8th grades (ages 12-14). Racial identity and self-esteem were strongly correlated with each other for males but not for females. For both males and females, an increase in racial identity over the 1 year was associated with a decrease in the prevalence of depressive symptoms over the same period, even with self-esteem controlled. It was concluded that racial identity may be as important as self-esteem to the mental health of African American adolescents, and it explains variance in their mental health not associated with feelings of oneself as an individual.
Descriptors: Females, Mental Health, Racial Identification, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology), Males, African American Students, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Anxiety, Grade 7, Grade 8, Student Adjustment, Gender Differences, Developmental Stages, Adolescent Development, Incidence, Self Esteem
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A