ERIC Number: EJ862445
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Sequence Learning in 4-Month-Old Infants: Do Infants Represent Ordinal Information?
Lewkowicz, David J.; Berent, Iris
Child Development, v80 n6 p1811-1823 Nov-Dec 2009
This study investigated how 4-month-old infants represent sequences: Do they track the statistical relations among specific sequence elements (e.g., AB, BC) or do they encode abstract ordinal positions (i.e., B is second)? Infants were habituated to sequences of 4 moving and sounding elements--3 of the elements varied in their ordinal position while the position of 1 target element remained invariant (e.g., ABCD, CBDA)--and then were tested for the detection of changes in the target's position. Infants detected an ordinal change only when it disrupted the statistical co-occurrence of elements but not when statistical information was controlled. It is concluded that 4-month-olds learn the order of sequence elements by tracking their statistical associations but not their invariant ordinal position.
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Infants, Research Methodology, Habituation, Serial Ordering, Cognitive Processes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A