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ERIC Number: EJ862373
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0141-8211
The Work Values of Teacher Training Students in a Spanish University. Symbiosis between Schwartz and Meaning of Work (MOW) Study Group
Cortes Pascual, M. P. Alejandra
European Journal of Education, v44 n3 p441-453 Sep 2009
Work values are linked with other relevant variables in career development, such as professional interests or vocational personality, are formed in a specific work context and influence the orientation intervention designed, for example, as an element of the professional portfolio or the development of transversal participatory and personal skills. These values were analysed from various theoretical perspectives. This project follows two theoretical lines: (1) Schwartz; and (2) Meaning of Work (MOW). The Schwartz model (1990; 1992; 1994; 1999) derives from Rokeach (1973) and divides values into two types: (1) instrumental; and (2) terminal. The Schwartz domain structure is classified in two dimensions: (1) openness to change (self-direction, stimulation and hedonism) vs. conservation (tradition, conformity and security); and (2) self-improvement (fulfilment and authority) vs. self-transcendence (universalism and benevolence). The Schwartz model is very appropriate for the issue of work values because of its structure and widely verified multicultural validation and because it holds an inference in the intervention. The other theoretical reference is the MOW (Meaning of Working Study) Group. The MOW International Research Group (1987) differentiates between five components of the meaning of work: (1) centrality of work; (2) societal norms; (3) results assessed; (4) importance of work objectives; and (5) identification with the work function. The MOW Group prepared a questionnaire, "The Meaning of Working: An international View," (1987), with 27 items researching the aspects mentioned. This group (MOW, 1987) emphasises that the most important result of work is income (35% of responses) and, secondly, its interesting and satisfactory nature (19.5%). It did not find any significant differences between men and women. As for work aims or values, an interesting job and learning were the most appreciated by both sexes, followed by a good salary, i.e. they tended to prefer more intrinsic aspects, which also correlates with greater initiative in work. There were also no differences regarding age. Schwartz (1999) linked domains with the work values of the MOW (1987) group. Thus, intrinsic values are coherent with independence and hedonism, but conflict with the values of conservatism. Extrinsic values are compatible with the latter and with power, but not with independence and hedonism. Social values are congruent with universalism and benevolence, but conflict with power and competitiveness. (Contains 6 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain