NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ862045
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0030-9230
The "Trotter" Open-Air School, Milan (1922-1977): A City of Youth or Risky Business?
Thyssen, Geert
Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, v45 n1-2 p157-170 2009
This article inserts the concept of risk in the context of open-air schools and investigates its implications, capacities and limits. It is contended that applying at-risk labels to pupils who attended open-air schools is itself a risky business. The category to some extent constitutes an anomaly within most open-air schools' histories, as much of what it would come to denote, did not yet exist as such when these institutes arose and flourished. Moreover, the literature suggests that at-risk labels are often deployed, interpreted, negotiated and resisted by children and youth to whom they are applied. The article investigates that hypothesis by means of a case study of a Milanese open-air school called "Trotter". Studied in detail is its everyday educational practice before and after the Second World War. It is argued that open-air schools like "Trotter" indeed (re)constructed children and youth in modes similar to those related to at-risk discourse, albeit in ambiguous and context-specific ways. Moreover, the article shows that institutes like "Trotter" themselves put their target groups at risk, giving occasion to multiple forms of an at-risk paradox. Pupils of such a school particularly risked (but also resisted) being socially bracketed, stigmatized, institutionalized, abused and subjected to streaming. (Contains 104 footnotes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy (Milan)