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ERIC Number: EJ861762
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0272-4316
Relative Importance of Parents and Peers: Differences in Academic and Social Behaviors at Three Grade Levels Spanning Late Childhood and Early Adolescence
Masten, Carrie L.; Juvonen, Jaana; Spatzier, Agnieszka
Journal of Early Adolescence, v29 n6 p773-799 2009
By focusing on school-based behaviors, this study examined the validity of a lay assumption that peers match, and even surpass, parents in terms of their importance as socialization agents by early adolescence. Self-reported academic and social behaviors, peer group norms, and perceived parent values were assessed among fourth, sixth, and eighth graders (n = 364). Results indicated academic and social behaviors, and perceived peer group norms for each, were more negative among older youth than younger youth. Sixth and eighth graders also reported parents valuing social behaviors less than fourth graders, although perceptions of parent values of academic behaviors remained high for all grades. Regression findings suggested perceived parent values predict academic and social behaviors at each grade, whereas peer group norms predict social behavior for all grades, but academic behavior only for older students. Implications of these findings are discussed in terms of ameliorating negative changes in behavior during middle school. (Contains 4 tables and 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 4; Grade 6; Grade 8; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A