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ERIC Number: EJ861701
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-1532-5024
The Effect of an Expressive Writing Intervention on Pronouns: The Surprising Case of I
Dunnack, Eric S.; Park, Crystal L.
Journal of Loss and Trauma, v14 n6 p436-446 2009
Many studies have shown that expressive writing about a traumatic event leads to better outcomes. One explanation is that writing allows participants to successfully process the trauma. Pronoun use may be an important variable: One study demonstrated that pronoun usage in participants' narratives correlated with physical health. Results from the present study indicated that use of the pronoun I was initially related to poor adjustment, but increased use of "I" by the final journal entry was linked to several aspects of better psychological adjustment. "I" may indicate self-focus, which may facilitate efforts at processing traumatic events. (Contains 3 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A