ERIC Number: EJ861276
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 96
College Students with Learning Disability Diagnoses: Who Are They and How Do They Perform?
Sparks, Richard L.; Lovett, Benjamin J.
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v42 n6 p494-510 2009
The purpose of this study is to provide an up-to-date review of the literature on postsecondary students classified as having learning disabilities (LD). The review focused on the criteria by which students were classified as LD and the cognitive and achievement characteristics of the participants. From almost 400 studies, only 30% were empirical (data-based) investigations reporting original data. Findings showed that a wide range of criteria was used to classify students as LD, although various discrepancy criteria and registration with university offices of disability services were most often cited. Participants' mean scores on standardized intelligence and achievement tests were in the average range but somewhat lower than those of other college students. Generally, the findings show a lack of consensus among diagnosticians and researchers about how LD should be diagnosed and also show that college students classified as LD tend to have average achievement, despite scoring below their classmates. (Contains 3 tables.)
Descriptors: College Students, Investigations, Learning Disabilities, Educational Diagnosis, Literature Reviews, Evaluation Criteria, Classification, Cognitive Ability, Academic Achievement, Search Strategies, Electronic Libraries, Meta Analysis
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A