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ERIC Number: EJ861169
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0028-3932
Mirror Asymmetry of Category and Letter Fluency in Traumatic Brain Injury and Alzheimer's Patients
Capitani, Erminio; Rosci, Chiara; Saetti, Maria Cristina; Laiacona, Marcella
Neuropsychologia, v47 n2 p423-429 Jan 2009
In this study we contrasted the Category fluency and Letter fluency performance of 198 normal subjects, 57 Alzheimer's patients and 57 patients affected by traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim was to check whether, besides the prevalence of Category fluency deficit often reported among Alzheimer's patients, the TBI group presented the opposite dissociation. According to some recent claims, in fact, the deficit of TBI would be equally severe for both fluency types. The inquiry followed different approaches for data analysis, including the evaluation of a unique index (Fluency Type Index or FTI), independent of the overall fluency and aimed at expressing at individual subject level the relationship between Category and Letter fluency. The results confirmed that Alzheimer's patients are more defective on Category than Letter fluency, and also clearly indicated that an opposite pattern applies to TBI patients. TBI seems to cause a relatively more severe impairment of Letter than Category fluency, probably due to its impact on the frontal lobe structures. We discuss whether, on the basis of the statistical distribution of our data, it is worth considering as homogeneous populations broadly defined groups as Alzheimer's or TBI patients. (Contains 3 figures and 5 tables.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A