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ERIC Number: EJ860854
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-2626
Mechanisms of Deficit of Visuospatial Attention Shift in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Neurophysiological Measure of the Endogenous Posner Paradigm
Tsai, Chia-Liang; Pan, Chien-Yu; Cherng, Rong-Ju; Hsu, Ya-Wen; Chiu, Hsing-Hui
Brain and Cognition, v71 n3 p246-258 Dec 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the mechanisms of brain activity, as revealed by a combination of the visuospatial attention shifting paradigm and event-related potentials (ERP) in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and typically developing children. Twenty-eight DCD children and 26 typically developing children were recorded with regard to their behavioral performance and ERP measures during a variant of the endogenous Posner paradigm, in which they should react to visual targets preceded by spatial cues or presented uncued. Children with DCD showed longer reaction time and a deficit in inhibitory response capacity when compared to typically developing children. The electrophysiological characteristics also showed distinct modulatory effects upon attentional orienting, anticipatory mechanisms, and cognitive-to-motor transfer in children with DCD: longer cue-P3 and target-N1 latency, smaller target-P3 amplitude, an elongated interval between N2 and the motor response (N2-RT), and small areas on contingent negative variation (CNV). The combined analysis of behavioral performance and ERP data suggested that children with DCD had deficits of slower target identification (N1), less ability in interhemispheric (P3) and cognitive-to-motor transfer speed (N2-RT), as well as a less mature anticipatory and executive process (CNV). (Contains 5 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A