ERIC Number: EJ860747
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Theories of Human Development that Enhance an Understanding of the College Transition Process
Guiffrida, Douglas A.
Teachers College Record, v111 n10 p2419-2443 2009
Background/Context: Although theories of human development often play a central role in K-12 pedagogical practices, evidence suggests that developmental theories have not been used extensively to understand the college transition process or to develop programs to support students during these transitions. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of the Study: The author reviews theories of identity development, racial identity development, and intrinsic motivation to (a) understand how diverse developmental characteristics, stages/tasks, and cultural processes affect the college transition process and (b) identify strategies for preparing diverse students for, and supporting them during, their transitions to college. Research Design: Salient theories of human development, particularly from the fields of social and cross-cultural psychology, were identified and critically reviewed. Conclusions/Recommendations: The results indicate that in addition to providing students with adequate academic preparation and funding, college faculty and staff must also understand and support college student identity development (including ethnic identity development) and seek to foster intrinsic motivation among students.
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Racial Identification, Motivation, Individual Development, Student Diversity, Educational Strategies, Self Concept, Student Characteristics, Educational Policy, College Attendance, Minority Groups, Higher Education, College Students, Personality Theories, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology, College Environment, College Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A