ERIC Number: EJ860696
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
Are Children Diagnosed with the Combined Form of ADHD Pervasively Hyperactive?
Licht, Carolyn A.; Tryon, Warren W.
Behavior Modification, v33 n5 p655-681 Sep 2009
Diagnostic criteria specified by the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR"; American Psychological Association [APA], 2000) require that motor excess be present across situations, at home and school, in order to establish that this condition is a characteristic of the child. The article discusses a study whose primary purpose was to use actigraphy to validate teacher and parent reports of hyperactivity at home and school. Continuous activity measurements were recorded for each minute of each 24-hr period (1,440 measurements per child per day) for a full 7-day week, during school and at home, on 9 children clinically diagnosed with the combined form of ADHD and 9 control children clinically examined at the same community mental health clinic and determined not to meet diagnostic criteria. The article highlights that the children with ADHD had not yet started medication, and the study findings reveal that only 1 of 9 children diagnosed with the combined form of ADHD was measurably pervasively hyperactive as "DSM-IV-TR" inclusion criteria require. Implications are discussed. (Contains 4 tables, 3 figures, and 1 note.)
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Evaluation Criteria, Clinical Diagnosis, Motor Reactions, Measurement, Control Groups, Family Environment, Educational Environment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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