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ERIC Number: EJ860562
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0790-8040
Reviewing the Evidence on How Adult Students Learn: An Examination of Knowles' Model of Andragogy
McGrath, Valerie
Adult Learner: The Irish Journal of Adult and Community Education, p99-110 2009
While there may be similarities between adults and children in how they learn (such as language, interaction and communication), many writers argue that adult learners are different from child learners in a number of ways. This article aims to review how adults learn through examining one particular theory of adult learning. Two conflicting learning theories, known as andragogy and pedagogy, have a particular relevance to the adult educator. One learning theory that has attempted to overcome some of the negative aspects of pedagogy is a theory that was introduced by Malcolm Knowles known as andragogy. Andragogy according to Henschke (1998:8) can be defined as "a scientific discipline that studies everything related to learning and teaching which would bring adults to their full degree of humaneness." Unlike pedagogy, andragogy is centered on the idea that the lecturer does not posses all the knowledge and that students are encouraged to participate in the classroom by utilising their own experiences. In this article, the author discusses the Andragogy of Malcolm Knowles and explores how the theory continues to be important for practitioners in Ireland.
AONTAS The National Adult Learning Organisation. 2nd Floor, 83-87 Main Street, Ranelagh, Dublin 6, Ireland. Tel :+353-1-406-8220; Tel: +353-1-406-8221; Fax: +353-1-406-8227; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ireland
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A