ERIC Number: EJ860507
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 137
Language Development and Fragile X Syndrome: Profiles, Syndrome-Specificity, and Within-Syndrome Differences
Abbeduto, Leonard; Brady, Nancy; Kover, Sara T.
Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, v13 n1 p36-46 2007
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the leading inherited cause of mental retardation. In this article, we review what is known about the language and related problems of individuals with FXS. In doing so, we focus on the syndrome-specific features of the language phenotype and on the organismic (i.e., genetic and individual neurocognitive and behavioral) and environmental factors associated with within-syndrome variation in the phenotype. We also briefly review those aspects of the behavioral phenotype of FXS that are relevant for understanding syndrome-specific features of, and within-syndrome variability in, language. The review includes summaries of research on the prelinguistic foundations for language development and on each of the major components of language (i.e., vocabulary, morphosyntax, and pragmatics). Throughout the review, we point out implications of existing research for intervention as well as directions for future research.
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Language Acquisition, Pragmatics, Genetic Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Environmental Influences, Neurological Impairments, Behavior Problems, Literature Reviews, Language Impairments, Intervention, Vocabulary Development, Syntax, Morphology (Languages), Children, Cognitive Ability
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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