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ERIC Number: EJ860111
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Word Integration and Regression Programming during Reading: A Test of the E-Z Reader 10 Model
Inhoff, Albrecht W.; Greenberg, Seth N.; Solomon, Matthew; Wang, Chin-An
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v35 n5 p1571-1584 Oct 2009
Participants read sentences with two types of target nouns, one that did and one that did not require a determiner to form a legal verb-noun phrase sequence. Sentences were presented with and without the critical determiner to create a local noun integration difficulty when a required determiner was missing. The absence of a required determiner did not influence 1st-pass reading of the verb, the noun, and the posttarget word. It did, however, have a profound effect on 2nd-pass reading. All three words were a likely target of a regression when a required determiner was missing, and the noun and the posttarget word were likely sources of a regression. These results are consistent with novel E-Z reader model assumptions, according to which identification of the noun should be followed by its integration, and integration difficulties can lead to the initiation of a regression to the noun. However, integration difficulties influenced eye movements earlier and later than predicted by the new model. (Contains 2 figures, 3 tables, and 6 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A