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ERIC Number: EJ860106
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Transient Auditory Storage of Acoustic Details Is Associated with Release of Speech from Informational Masking in Reverberant Conditions
Huang, Ying; Huang, Qiang; Chen, Xun; Wu, Xihong; Li, Liang
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v35 n5 p1618-1628 Oct 2009
Perceptual integration of the sound directly emanating from the source with reflections needs both temporal storage and correlation computation of acoustic details. We examined whether the temporal storage is frequency dependent and associated with speech unmasking. In Experiment 1, a break in correlation (BIC) between interaurally correlated wideband or narrowband noises was detectable even when an interaural interval (IAI) was introduced. The longest IAI, which varied markedly across participants, could be up to about 20 ms for wideband noise and decreased as the center frequency was increased for narrowband noises. In Experiment 2, when the interval between target speech and its single-reflection simulation (intertarget interval [ITI]) was reduced from 64 to 0 ms, intelligibility of target speech was markedly improved under speech-masking but not noise-masking conditions. The longest effective ITI correlated with the longest IAI for detecting the BIC only in the low-frequency (less than or equal to 400 Hz) narrowband noise. Thus the ability to temporally store fine details contributes to perceptual integration of correlated leading and lagging sounds, which in turn, contributes to releasing speech from informational masking in noisy, reverberant environments. (Contains 5 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China