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ERIC Number: EJ860051
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Modeling the Effects of Argument Length and Validity on Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Rotello, Caren M.; Heit, Evan
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v35 n5 p1317-1330 Sep 2009
In an effort to assess models of inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning, the authors, in 3 experiments, examined the effects of argument length and logical validity on evaluation of arguments. In Experiments 1a and 1b, participants were given either induction or deduction instructions for a common set of stimuli. Two distinct effects were observed: Induction judgments were more affected by argument length, and deduction judgments were more affected by validity. In Experiment 2, fluency was manipulated by displaying the materials in a low-contrast font, leading to increased sensitivity to logical validity. Several variants of 1-process and 2-process models of reasoning were assessed against the results. A 1-process model that assumed the same scale of argument strength underlies induction and deduction was not successful. A 2-process model that assumed separate, continuous informational dimensions of apparent deductive validity and associative strength gave the more successful account. (Contains 2 tables and 9 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A