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ERIC Number: EJ860037
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Automaticity of Cognitive Control: Goal Priming in Response-Inhibition Paradigms
Verbruggen, Frederick; Logan, Gordon D.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v35 n5 p1381-1388 Sep 2009
Response inhibition is a hallmark of cognitive control. An executive system inhibits responses by activating a stop goal when a stop signal is presented. The authors asked whether the stop goal could be primed by task-irrelevant information in stop-signal and go/no-go paradigms. In Experiment 1, the task-irrelevant primes "GO," ###, or "STOP" were presented in the go stimulus. Go performance was slower for "STOP" than for ### or "GO." This suggests that the stop goal was primed by task-irrelevant information. In Experiment 2, "STOP" primed the stop goal only in conditions in which the goal was relevant to the task context. In Experiment 3, "GO," ###, or "STOP" were presented as stop signals. Stop performance was slower for "GO" than for ### or "STOP." These findings suggest that task goals can be primed and that response inhibition and executive control can be influenced by automatic processing. (Contains 3 tables, 5 figures, and 2 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A