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ERIC Number: EJ859949
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 146
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0033-295X
The Influence of Categories on Perception: Explaining the Perceptual Magnet Effect as Optimal Statistical Inference
Feldman, Naomi H.; Griffiths, Thomas L.; Morgan, James L.
Psychological Review, v116 n4 p752-782 Oct 2009
A variety of studies have demonstrated that organizing stimuli into categories can affect the way the stimuli are perceived. We explore the influence of categories on perception through one such phenomenon, the perceptual magnet effect, in which discriminability between vowels is reduced near prototypical vowel sounds. We present a Bayesian model to explain why this reduced discriminability might occur: It arises as a consequence of optimally solving the statistical problem of perception in noise. In the optimal solution to this problem, listeners' perception is biased toward phonetic category means because they use knowledge of these categories to guide their inferences about speakers' target productions. Simulations show that model predictions closely correspond to previously published human data, and novel experimental results provide evidence for the predicted link between perceptual warping and noise. The model unifies several previous accounts of the perceptual magnet effect and provides a framework for exploring categorical effects in other domains. (Contains 10 footnotes, 2 tables, and 13 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A