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ERIC Number: EJ859593
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 28
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
"Nostalgia for the Past," or What Lessons Young People Could Have Learned and Did Learn
Zorkaia, Nataliia
Russian Education and Society, v51 n6 p3-30 Jun 2009
The hope that young people would accept and quickly learn Western ideas and democratic principles rather than just economic and technological achievements occupied a key place in the conceptions of the liberal and democratic parties in Russia. The possibilities of the modernization of Russian society and its economy were associated directly with the reception of a complex of ideas about human rights, private property ownership, freedom, and protection against arbitrary rule on the part of the state. The assumption was that in the process of the natural succession of the generations, such ideas, having been learned by young people, would become institutionally established and reinforced, and that in time they would spread throughout society, and old Soviet stereotypes and complexes would be driven out. This was the interpretation that was given (within the framework of this logic or ideology of the processes of transformation) to the differences of opinion between young people and other social and demographic groups, differences brought to light by various surveys conducted by the Levada Center (formerly VTsIOM). Generational reactions were perceived as evidence of processes of change in society. In fact, in the early 1990s the answers given by young people were stronger and more explicit than in the population as a whole in showing their adherence to democratic rights and freedoms, the importance of the values of economic liberalism, an orientation toward success and accomplishment, a greater readiness to interact with and establish contact with Western partners, and so on. Assessments of the changes presumed a two-stage model: the scale of the changes was constructed on how the actual transformations correlated with the anticipated ones, and these, in turn, were conditioned by an ideal generalized model of Western democracy and market economy. This article compares youth culture in Russia and the Soviet Union and discusses the development of modern attitudes and the influence of knowledge of history on current youth culture. (Contains 25 tables and 10 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia