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ERIC Number: EJ859590
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Pages: 21
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 4
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
The College Students of Khabarovsk Krai: Social, Professional, and Migration Guidelines and Motives of Behavior
Motrich, E. L.; Li, E. L.; Skripnik, E. O.
Russian Education and Society, v51 n5 p42-62 May 2009
In the past 20 years, the dynamics of social processes in the regions of Russia and in the country as a whole have been uneven in terms of both the pace of the changes and the direction. In that period there has been a substantial deformation of the professional and migration motives of young people when compared to the propensities of previous generations. Starting in the early 1990s, the image of the attractiveness of the Northern and Far Eastern territories among young people, an image shaped during the Soviet era by means of social benefits and guarantees, gradually was erased and is now perceived as negative. Confirmation is provided by the vector of flows of migration, which points primarily away from the east and north and toward the west and south of the country, increasing the uneven spatial distribution of inhabitants and economic activity. Owing to objective natural, climatic, geographical, and economic factors, overcoming negative tendencies in the Far East, in particular Khabarovsk krai, will require the implementation of a goal-directed state youth policy. To determine the directions of such a policy it will be necessary to answer the following questions: "What do today's young people look like in the mirror of social and demographic characteristics? How well are college students doing? What is the way to achieve success--with old recipes or with "know-how"? What migration plans do young people have? How prevalent is the idea of migrating away from the region among young people's immediate associates and surroundings?" The purpose of the present article is to find answers to these questions by examining the results of a survey conducted in 2005 by associates in the Institute of Economic Research of the Far Eastern Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The purpose of the survey was to explore the deeper factors and parameters of the shaping of the migration and professional motives of graduating students of colleges and universities in Khabarovsk krai. Among students surveyed, motives for migrating from their home areas are predominantly those of economic advancement and greater access to cultural facilities. Only a small minority of those surveyed planned to return to their home areas in the future. (Contains 7 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia