NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ859583
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
ISSN: ISSN-1539-0578
L1 Glosses: Effects on EFL Learners' Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary Retention
Cheng, Ying-Hsueh; Good, Robert L.
Reading in a Foreign Language, v21 n2 p119-142 Oct 2009
The present study examines the effects of 3 kinds of glosses--first-language (L1) Chinese glosses plus second-language (L2) English example sentences, L1 in-text glosses, and L1 marginal glosses--in comparison with a no-gloss condition in reading an English passage, to explore whether providing glosses can facilitate reading comprehension and vocabulary acquisition. A total of 135 undergraduate business and engineering students at 4 English proficiency levels studying at a technical university in Taiwan completed 1 vocabulary pretest, 1 reading session, 1 posttest, and 2 delayed vocabulary recall tests. The study found that L1 glosses helped subjects learn new words and review learned words. Learners' retention declined between the immediate and the 1st delayed recall tests. However, between the 1st and 2nd delayed recall tests, a slight increase in retention was observed for all groups. Unexpectedly, reading comprehension did not improve significantly. Additionally, a questionnaire queried learners' experience using glosses during reading. (Contains 1 note, 7 tables, and 1 figure.)
Reading in a Foreign Language. National Foreign Language Resource Center, 1859 East-West Road #106, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan