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ERIC Number: EJ859483
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 14
ISSN: ISSN-1946-2069
What Happens to Dropouts Who Reenroll?
Berliner, BethAnn; Barrat, Vanessa X.; Fong, Anthony B.; Shirk, Paul B.
Online Yearbook of Urban Learning, Teaching, and Research, p65-76 2009
This study follows a cohort of first-time ninth graders over five years in San Bernardino City Unified School District (SBCUSD) to describe the magnitude of its dropout problem and the numbers, characteristics, and graduation outcomes of the dropouts who subsequently reenrolled in the district. Additionally, it documents reenrollment issues expressed by district staff and reenrollees. In 2001/02, there were 3,856 first-time ninth grade students enrolled in SBCUSD high schools. By 2005/06, 45.0 percent earned regular high school diplomas, and 35.1 percent dropped out at least once during the five years. Notably, dropping out is not necessarily a permanent outcome, and among the dropouts, 31.0 percent eventually reenrolled in district high schools. The enrollment data show that the majority of reenrollees dropped out in their first year of high school, and that nearly half returned to school for only one year. It also shows variation in student characteristics with ninth grade, Black, non English Language Learners, and female dropouts reenrolling at higher rates than others. The evidence also indicates that while reenrollees fared better academically before dropping out than permanent dropouts, most, upon reenrollment, did not earn enough credits to graduate. Nevertheless, 18.4 percent of reenrollees earned a district high school diploma by 2005/06. The study also documents what district staff and reenrollees say about policies and practices to improve graduation outcomes for dropouts who return to school. By focusing on reenrollees, this study contributes to shaping policy responses to address the broader dropout challenge. (Contains 4 figures.)
AERA SIG: Urban Learning, Teaching, and Research. Tel: 323-343-4393; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 9; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California