ERIC Number: EJ859038
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 93
Intervention for Individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Treatment Approaches and Case Management
Paley, Blair; O'Connor, Mary J.
Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, v15 n3 p258-267 2009
Exposure to alcohol in utero is considered to be the leading cause of developmental disabilities of known etiology. The most severe consequence of such exposure, fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), is characterized by a distinct constellation of characteristic facial anomalies, growth retardation, and central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction. Some individuals with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) do not meet the full criteria for FAS, but instead are diagnosed with partial FAS, alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), or alcohol related birth defects (ARBD). The entire continuum of effects from PAE is increasingly being referred to under the umbrella term of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). An extensive body of research has documented major cognitive, behavioral, adaptive, social, and emotional impairments among individuals with FASDs. Although FAS was identified in the U.S. over 35 years ago, the development, evaluation, and dissemination of evidence-based interventions for individuals with FASDs have lagged behind significantly. Encouragingly, however, in recent years there has been a marked increase in efforts to design and test interventions to remediate the impairments associated with prenatal alcohol exposure. This article will review treatment needs and considerations for individuals with FASDs and their families, current empirically tested treatment approaches, case management issues, and suggestions for future directions in research on the treatment of FASDs.
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Etiology, Anatomy, Neurological Impairments, Prenatal Influences, Congenital Impairments, Cognitive Ability, Behavior Problems, Antisocial Behavior, Emotional Problems, Intervention, Research, Animals, Classroom Techniques, Special Needs Students, Teaching Methods, Skill Development, Parent Child Relationship, Therapy, Behavior Modification, Interpersonal Competence, Safety, Drug Therapy, At Risk Persons, Mental Disorders, Substance Abuse, Sexuality, Legal Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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